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Not all skin is the same

Skin is a human being's wrapper. It is the covering found over just about every square millimetre of the body. Each person has their own sort of skin, and there are a wide variety of products on the market that clearly offer a perfect mix for different skin types. Selecting a product with the correct formulation is key to getting the best experience possible.

In a nutshell, contemporary firms recognize five basic skin types, for which there are numerous cosmetic and personal care products available on the market:

 

  • Normal - Though there are few people actually lucky enough to have "normal" skin, this is the standard type associated with people. For products that do not specify type differentiation, this is the "standard" product variety that should suffice for most people unless they have a clear need for another type. This sort of skin is neither too oily nor too dry, pores tend to be small, there are no specific substance allergies or sensitivities, and the complexion tends to be clear and bright.
     
  • Dry - Many people can have skin that tends to be less elastic and harder than others. Anybody that spends time in a dry climate or not getting enough water can find skin that's being robbed of its moisture, but people with dry skin tend to have problems with skin regardless of diet or location of residence. Pores are nearly invisible, but the complexion is dull or rough, often with red or white patches and a tendency to have visible lines. Dry skin easily cracks and can get very itchy. Products recommended for this sort of skin include moisturizers, moisturizing soaps or gels, and serums for wrinkling. Dry skin can also be made worse by such factors as indoor heating, UV radiation, bathing in hot water, and more.
     
  • Oily - The dread of most people, oily skin can easily find itself spotted by blackheads, pimples, and other blemishes. The complexion of this skin tends to be very shiny with large pores that have opened more in order to function normally. Many people suffer through oily skin throughout adolescence before becoming one of the other types. Stress, diet, and environmental humidity can also affect the level of skin's oiliness. Oily skin requires a lot of attention, in order to keep the surface clean and avoid blemishes, and should by washed at least twice a day and after heavy perspiration. Products labelled as "noncomedogenic" will prove helpful, as they do not clog pores, as will gentle cleansers that do not "burn" skin that is frequently washed.
     
  • Combination - As skin covers almost the entire body, it's logical to assume that on many people, it will have different levels of mositure an natural oils in different places. Complexion is variable, normally with shiny skin in places and a tendency to blemish easily. Someone may have a very oily nose, forehead and chin while having dry elbows or feet. Each of these zones should be taken care of in the correct way for that specific skin type, and gentle cleansers should be used generally for the body, to ensure dry zones are not left even drier and that oily zones do not have pores clogged by heavy moisturizers better left to those with very dry skin.
     
  • Sensitive - Those with sensitive skin have pretty much figured it out through try and error. While some allergy sufferers know that specific substances will make their skin break out, others have had to guess. Some people have allergies to wool, which does not permit them to wear clothing made from that material. Others may be sensitive to synthetic materials, fabric softeners, specific creams or moisturizers, harsher soap products, or many, many more. Many children have very sensitive skin that eventually becomes tougher and evolves into one of the four other groups as they get older.  The best way to deal with sensitive skin is to figure out what substances affect it and avoid them, though it's always a good idea to use hypoallergenic skin products or products specifically identified as "mild" or for "sensitive skin".

 

Regardless of skin type, all skin benefits from some simple guidelines that should always be followed, such as using an appropriate sunscreen, not smoking, keeping clean, and staying hydrated.